Selected Special Reports

Terrorism in North Africa and the Sahel in 2013
The fifth annual report on “Terrorism in North Africa and the Sahel in 2013” was released on January 24, 2014.

According to the report’s findings, the record of 2013 indicates that terrorist attacks in the Maghreb and the Sahel increased an alarming 60 percent from the previous year, totaling 230 incidents region-wide, the highest yearly total since 9/11.

The report recommends more effective engagement by the US and its allies to prevent the brewing security crisis from erupting in Africa’s “arc of instability,” from the Atlantic to the Red Sea.
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Terrorism in North Africa & the Sahel: Global Reach and Implications
The Maghreb—Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia—as well as adjacent parts of the Sahel—Chad, Mali, and Niger—and for the past several years also Nigeria, have emerged as some of the most worrying strategic challenges to the international community. The purpose of the “Terrorism in North Africa and the Sahel in 2012: Global Reach and Implications” is to focus on the security environment during the past year, regarding these countries, with the hope that further research in this critical strategic region will be undertaken.
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Central Asian Security Challenges: 2012 and Beyond
This report details the local, national and regional security challenges which the nations of Central Asia currently face. Given the growing international demand for energy and raw materials, this region importance to the international community increases daily. The vast geographical and demographic differences have already been, and will continue to be, a source of contention between state and non-state actors alike for years to come.
Central Asian Security Challenges - 2012
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May 2012: Arab Spring: A Year Later and Beyond Special Report
Currently, one year after the beginning of the unprecedented explosion of the Arab Spring, the only certainty about future developments in the broader Middle East is uncertainty, and therefore the  United  States’  strategic  and  tactical  responses  are  understandably  at  a  cross-road. It is for this reason that a realistic analysis of the factors that contribute to stability or instability in the turbulent region is critical if America, as well as its friends and allies, is to be adequately prepared to craft a pragmatic approach in this emerging security environment.
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Special Update Report: Terrorism in North, West & Central Africa: From 9/11 to the Arab Spring
The Maghreb — Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia — as well as adjacent parts of the Sahel — Chad, Mali, and Niger — have emerged as one of the most worrying strategic challenges to the international community, and yet for decades these regions have mostly been overlooked by policy-makers in the West.
More specifically, for the past ten years terrorist attacks by al-Qa’ida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and other militant extremists in the Maghreb and Sahel have increased more than 500 percent from their low point in the period to hit a high of 204 attacks in 2009. In 2011, the number of terrorist attacks remains dangerously high, increasing from 2010’s total to reach 185 attacks for the year.
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2011 Report Update: The Consequences of Terrorism- An Update on al-Qaeda and other Terrorist Threats in the Sahel & Maghreb
Terrorist attacks by al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and other extremist groups in both the Maghreb and Sahel increased 558% from their low during the period to a new high of 204 attacks in 2009, and remain dangerously high, with 178 in 2010. Thus, over the past nine years, more than 1,100 terrorist bombings, murders, kidnappings, and ambushes against both domestic and international targets have claimed almost 2,000 lives and 6,000 victims of violence. Moreover, according to open intelligence sources and a recent fact- finding trip to the region in January 2011, there exists growing evidence that AQIM, local traffickers, and possibly members of the Polisario are forming links with Latin American organized criminal groups for trafficking drugs and humans via transit networks into Europe.
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